Weather

NMSU Agricultural Science Center at Farmington, New Mexico has collected weather data since 1969. The weather station was designated an official National Weather Station climatological observation site in 1978.

Weather observations are collected daily at 8:00 a.m. and electronically reported to the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The data reported to NOAA are over a 24 hour period from 8:00 a.m. previous day to 8:00 a.m. present day.

The air temperature readings are derived from thermometers mounted at the weather station. Soil temperature readings are derived from a maximum/minimum thermometer via sensor probe buried 4 inches deep into bare ground.

Precipitation data are collected in a standard eight-inch rain gauge. Evaporation measurements are collected from a Class-A metal pan.

Wind movement is recorded in miles per day. The data are collected from two separate three-cup anemometers, at different heights. The high wind movement is collected from 2 meters above the soil surface while the low wind movement is collected from an anemometer position 18 inches above the base of the evaporation pan.

2017 Daily Weather Data

The NMSU Agricultural Science Center at Farmington weather station is registered with the National Weather Service as an official site. The data at this web site is presented for your convenience.

  • 2017 Daily Weather Data PDF
    NMSU's ASC Farmington Daily Weather Data in portable document file format. The document has been created in MicroSoft Excel software.

Archived Daily Weather Data

Archived Weather Data is provided by prior year in a portable document format (PDF) for your convenience. If you have any questions regarding weather data prior to 2006 please contact the Agricultural Science Center at 505.960.7757.

Climatology

Plant growth and crop production are intrinsically linked to climate and daily weather conditions. Climate determines the types of plants that can be grown in a particular area and the management techniques required for successful landscapes and agricultural sustainability. Weather affects crop water requirements, timing of planting, cultivation, fertilization and harvest, crop tolerance to disease and pests, total crop yield and product quality. Agricultural and landscape planning begins with a thorough understanding of a locale's climate. To help provide this understanding for the Four Corners region, daily weather observations have been made since 1969 at the New Mexico State University (NMSU) Agricultural Science Center (ASC) at Farmington.

The ASC is located in northwestern New Mexico (36 degrees 4' N Lat., 108 degrees 2' W Long.) about seven miles southwest of Farmington at an elevation of 5,640 feet above mean sea level. Two weather-data recording stations are located at the ASC. Station 1 (WS-1) was established at the center in January 1969 and was given an official designation by the National Weather Service (NWS) in 1978. Station 2 (WS-2) was installed approximately 400 yards south of WS-1 in 1985. This is an automated, computer-linked station that is operated and maintained by the New Mexico Climate Center (NMCC) at NMSU in Las Cruces. The NMSU's Agricultural Science Center - Farmington Bulletin 806 summarizes the weather observations from both of these stations between 1969 and 2011.